A generalized formulation for analyzing speeds and forces of the gear components of planetary automatic transmissions is proposed. The formulation is capable of analyzing any typical one-degree-of-freedom automatic transmission gear train containing any number of simple, compound or complex-compound planetary gear sets. The formulation consists of three components: a kinematic analysis formulation to compute rotational speeds of gears and carriers, a gear ratio and kinematic configuration search algorithm, and a power flow analysis formulation. The kinematics component computes rotational speeds of gears and carriers. Given the type and number of planetary gear sets, the search algorithm determines all possible kinematic configurations and gear tooth count combinations that result in a required set of gear ratios while eliminating all kinematic redundancies and unfavorable clutching sequences. The third component, the power-flow analysis formulation, performs a complete static force (power-flow) analysis to determine all gear and bearing forces and moments, and clutch and connection torque values. A five-speed transmission example is considered to highlight the capabilities of the proposed formulation.
A Kinematics and Power Flow Analysis Methodology for Automatic Transmission Planetary Gear Trains
Contributed by the Mechanisms and Robotics Committee for publication in the JOURNAL OF MECHANICAL DESIGN. Manuscript received April 2, 2003; revised April 1, 2004. Associate Editor: J. M. McCarthy.
Kahraman, A., Ligata, H., Kienzle , K., and Zini, D. M. (February 14, 2005). "A Kinematics and Power Flow Analysis Methodology for Automatic Transmission Planetary Gear Trains ." ASME. J. Mech. Des. November 2004; 126(6): 1071–1081. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1814388
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