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Keywords: knee
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. March 2021, 143(3): 031006.
Paper No: BIO-20-1173
Published Online: December 10, 2020
...James P. Charles; Freddie H. Fu; William J. Anderst In vivo knee ligament forces are important to consider for informing rehabilitation or clinical interventions. However, they are difficult to directly measure during functional activities. Musculoskeletal models and simulations have become...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. February 2020, 142(2): 021002.
Paper No: BIO-18-1487
Published Online: October 7, 2019
... positive A – P shear strain emerged on the medial plateau corresponding to the shifting knee flexion and axial rotation (Fig. 6( d ) and Table 1 ). A small medial defect disturbed the large region of M – L shear strains on the medial plateau compared to healthy cartilage (Fig. 7( c ) ), whereas...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. January 2014, 136(1): 011002.
Paper No: BIO-13-1126
Published Online: November 26, 2013
... 03 10 2013 11 10 2013 Multiple computational models have been developed to study knee biomechanics. However, the majority of these models are mainly validated against a limited range of loading conditions and/or do not include sufficient details of the critical anatomical structures...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. November 2013, 135(11): 114504.
Paper No: BIO-13-1046
Published Online: September 26, 2013
... of Three-Dimensional Motions: Application to the Knee,” ASME J. Biomech. Eng., 105 (2), pp. 136–144) and Fujie et al. (1996, “Forces and Moment in Six-DOF at the Human Knee Joint: Mathematical Description for Control,” Journal of Biomechanics, 29 (12), pp. 1577–1585) on the knee joint. It is also shown...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. October 2012, 134(10): 104504.
Published Online: October 4, 2012
...Safa T. Herfat; Daniel V. Boguszewski; Rebecca J. Nesbitt; Jason T. Shearn Current surgical treatments for common knee injuries do not restore the normal biomechanics. Among other factors, the abnormal biomechanics increases the susceptibility to the early onset of osteoarthritis. In pursuit...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. May 2011, 133(5): 054501.
Published Online: May 17, 2011
... that exhibited a higher degree of position and path repeatability yielded lower variability in the resultant forces at the knee ( 6 ). There are several factors in the system that contribute to the overall accuracy. Some of these are inherent in the manipulator design while others can be controlled...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. May 2011, 133(5): 051004.
Published Online: April 11, 2011
.... In this validation study, a robotic testing system was used to apply an external load on a cadaveric knee specimen and to measure the corresponding ACL force as the gold standard. These force values were compared with those estimated by the method introduced in this study. The magnitude and direction of the forces...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. January 2011, 133(1): 011012.
Published Online: December 23, 2010
...Eric G. Meyer; Timothy G. Baumer; Roger C. Haut Knee hyperextension has been described as a mechanism of isolated anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears, but clinical and experimental studies have produced contradictory results for the ligament injuries and the injury sequence caused...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. November 2010, 132(11): 114503.
Published Online: October 12, 2010
... is to present a method to express any 3D vector in a nonorthogonal coordinate system. The interpretation of these expressions in the JCS is clarified and an example for the 3D joint moment vector at the shoulder and the knee is given. A nonorthogonal projection method is proposed based on the mixed product...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Design Innovations
J Biomech Eng. February 2010, 132(2): 025001.
Published Online: January 28, 2010
..., and (3) demonstrate the simulator’s usefulness for specific applications of the foot-ankle complex and knee. The musculoskeletal simulator allows researchers to simulate a variety of loading conditions on cadaver joints via motorized actuators that simulate muscle forces while simultaneously contacting...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. February 2010, 132(2): 024501.
Published Online: January 28, 2010
... degeneration. A short-term method for evaluating whether degenerative arthritis can be prevented or not would be to determine if the peak pressure and contact area coverage of the tibial plateau (TP) in the knee are restored at the time of implantation. Although several published studies already utilized TP...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. January 2010, 132(1): 011009.
Published Online: December 18, 2009
... al. (1993, “The Axes of Rotation of the Knee,” Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res., 290, pp. 259–268 ) identified the two fixed axes but the visual-based alignment introduced errors in the method. Therefore, the objectives were to develop and validate a new axis finding method to identify the LR and FE axes...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. January 2010, 132(1): 011007.
Published Online: December 17, 2009
...Michael J. Koehle; M. L. Hull The usefulness of forward dynamic simulations to studies of human motion is well known. Although the musculoskeletal models used in these studies are generic, the modeling of specific components, such as the knee joint, may vary. Our two objectives were (1...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. August 2008, 130(4): 041002.
Published Online: May 16, 2008
... the application of a 30 N anterior tare force) before the graft force reaches zero. Markers were injected into the tibia, femur, and graft in six cadaveric legs whose knees were reconstructed with single-loop tibialis grafts. To satisfy the first objective, legs were subjected to 1500 cycles at 1 4 Hz of 150 N...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. October 2007, 129(5): 743–749.
Published Online: May 1, 2007
...Ryan A. Howard; Joshua M. Rosvold; Shon P. Darcy; David T. Corr; Nigel G. Shrive; Janet E. Tapper; Janet L. Ronsky; Jillian E. Beveridge; Linda L. Marchuk; Cyril B. Frank Although alterations in knee joint loading resulting from injury have been shown to influence the development of osteoarthritis...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. December 2007, 129(6): 855–862.
Published Online: April 30, 2007
... (1) to develop a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based alignment method for use with apparatuses applying tibiofemoral joint compression, (2) to demonstrate the usefulness of the method by aligning cadaveric knees in an apparatus that could apply tibiofemoral joint compression, and (3) to quantify...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. June 2007, 129(3): 386–392.
Published Online: November 6, 2006
...Trevor J. Lujan; Michelle S. Dalton; Brent M. Thompson; Benjamin J. Ellis; Jeffrey A. Weiss The knee joint is partially stabilized by the interaction of multiple ligament structures. This study tested the interdependent functions of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the medial collateral...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. April 2003, 125(2): 238–245.
Published Online: April 9, 2003
... 0.19 0.09 1.30 1.22 0.54 Average 0.16 mm 0.14 mm 0.11 mm 1.71° 0.90° 0.40° 5 Knee translation vs. time for a typical dog (Dog 1). Translations are of the tibia relative to the femur (from ACL origin to insertion), expressed in the tibial anatomical coordinate...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. June 2002, 124(3): 294–301.
Published Online: May 21, 2002
... and functional stability of the knee has not been well documented, in part because of diagnostic difficulties. A computer model of the knee in the sagittal plane was used in this study to simulate tests using the KT-2000 Knee Arthrometer, which quantifies Lachman’s test for ACL injury. A variety of partial ACL...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. August 2001, 123(4): 347–354.
Published Online: March 13, 2001
...-of-freedom system allowed for unconstrained knee joint loading throughout flexion with repeated removal and reapplication of the device to a specimen. Seven New Zealand White rabbit knees were subjected to varus, valgus, internal and external loads, and the resulting envelopes of motion were recorded using...