Corrosion damage in civil, aeronautical, and mechanical systems poses significant risks to users and occupants while simultaneously burdening owners with costly repairs and maintenance. Although many different sensing technologies are available to monitor corrosion processes, many cannot be easily implemented in field environments due to requiring expensive data acquisition systems and their destructive and intrusive measurement strategies. In this study, a novel layer-by-layer assembled carbon nanotube and poly(aniline)-based nanocomposite pH sensor is developed for monitoring corrosion of metallic and reinforced concrete structures. First, the electrochemical response of the proposed nanocomposite pH sensor is characterized using time-domain two-point resistance probing measurements to validate its resistance change to different pH buffer solutions (1 to 13). Frequency-domain electrical impedance spectroscopic studies and equivalent circuit analyses confirm changes in film resistance to pH. Upon sensor characterization, these nanocomposites are directly deposited onto printed circuit board coil antennas to realize a miniature passive wireless sensor capable of being embedded within structural materials. Preliminary wireless pH sensing results are presented to demonstrate that the wireless sensor’s bandwidth decreases at 3.9 kHz-pH−1 with increasing pH.

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