Simplified analytical approaches to estimate hip joint contact pressures using perfectly spherical geometry have been described in the literature (rigid body spring models); however, estimations based on these simulations have not corresponded well with experimental in vitro data. Recent evidence from our laboratory suggests that finite element (FE) models of the hip joint that incorporate detailed geometry for cartilage and bone can predict cartilage pressures in good agreement with experimental data [1]. However, it is unknown whether this degree of model complexity is necessary. The objective of this study was to compare cartilage contact pressure predictions from FE models with varying degrees of simplicity to elucidate which aspects of hip morphology are required to obtain accurate predictions of cartilage contact pressure. Models based on 1) subject-specific (SS) geometry, 2) spheres, and 3) rotational conchoids were analyzed.

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