Electric vehicles (EVs) are spreading rapidly in the market due to their better responsiveness and environmental friendliness. An accurate diagnosis of EV battery status from operational data is necessary to ensure reliability, minimize maintenance costs, and improve sustainability. This paper presents a deep learning approach based on the long short-term memory network (LSTM) to estimate the state of health (SOH) and degradation of lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles without prior knowledge of the complex degradation mechanisms. Our results are demonstrated on the open-source NASA Randomized Battery Usage Dataset with batteries aging under changing operating conditions. The randomized discharge data can better represent practical battery usage. The study provides additional end-of-use suggestions, including continued use, remanufacturing/repurposing, recycling, and disposal; for battery management dependent on the predicted battery status. The suggested replacement point is proposed to avoid a sharp degradation phase of the battery to prevent a significant loss of active material on the electrodes. This facilitates the remanufacturing/repurposing process for the replaced battery, thereby extending the battery’s life for secondary use at a lower cost. The prediction model provides a tool for customers and the battery second use industry to handle their EV battery properly to get the best economy and system reliability compromise.

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