Industrial burners provide process heat for a wide range of applications including cogeneration power production. In such applications a (typically) natural gas fired stationary turbine powers an electric generator and indirectly powers a heat recover steam generator (HRSG). The HRSG steam cycle operates by reclaiming the residual thermal energy of the gas turbine exhaust (GTE) flow. Burners are used to reheat the GTE and increase plant capacity during peak demand periods. CFD modeling is used in the design of burner systems for HRSG applications. GTE flow exiting the turbine unit is passed through a diffuser and then expanded into ductwork where the steam system heat exchangers are located. The expansion of the GTE flow from the turbine diffuser to the full cross section of the ductwork is usually severe and creates an uneven flow distribution. Flow correcting structure may be needed to distribute the flow depending upon the severity of the duct expansion. CFD modeling is used to predict the flow distribution of the GTE and guide the design of any necessary flow correcting structure. Burners are typically installed in an array upstream of the application heat exchanger inlet. CFD combustion, heat transfer, and flow analysis is employed in the burner system design process to locate the burner array, determine any necessary flow baffling, and to ensure and provide a uniform thermal distribution at the downstream heat exchanger inlet. Excessive thermal variation in the GTE flow entering the heat exchanger results in large temperature gradients that can lead to thermal cracking and fatigue of the heat exchanger surfaces. CFD modeling is used to ensure that the burner system design produces a uniform flow and temperature distribution at the heat exchanger inlet region downstream of the burners. This report presents a case study of a CFD flow, heat-transfer, and combustion analysis for a typical HRSG burner application. Two CFD models were constructed for the analysis. The first model included the coupled effects of flow, heat transfer, and combustion for the entire HRSG model volume, but excluded the effects of thermal radiation. The second model included a sub-domain of the HRSG volume near the burner and included the additional effects of thermal radiation, both surface radiation and the effects of the radiatively participating flue gas. Radiative effects were included in the second model by employing the Discrete Transfer Method. Results of the study showed the significant role thermal radiative heat transfer had on the resulting temperature predictions downstream of the flame zone.

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