Steam Generator (SG) is a critical equipment in the nuclear power plant, it is the huge heat exchanger in reactor system which can achieve removing fission energy from the reactor system effectively to ensure safety of the whole nuclear system. It is located between the primary and the secondary loop in reactor system act as the intermediate hub of energy and the security barrier in nuclear power plant. Generally, there are numerous of U-shaped heat transfer tubes in SG it is one of the weakest structures throughout the primary loop system. So the integrity of the SG especially its heat transfer tubes is important to the safety of reactor operation. The degradation problem of heat transfer tubes together with ruptures accidents often occur under suffer environments in reactors, which include thermal stress, mechanical stress and so on, it is noteworthy that this kind of accidents is inevitable due to the limited properties of existing materials. The performance of the SG is seriously affected by the number of failure tubes. Plugging operations through various mechanical means is the most common method to solve the tubes ruptures problems which can reduce the economic losses to the utmost extent. However, plugging operations will make huge impact on the thermal hydraulic performances of both sides of SG. It’s meaningful to research the characteristics of the plugging affects under different operations. In this paper the hydraulic characteristics of primary side in AP1000 SG under a certain fraction of heat transfer tube plugging conditions is researched. Three dimensional hydraulic characteristics of primary side coolant in SG under different plugging conditions are obtained by using the thermal hydraulic software FLUENT. The typical plugging fraction in this simulation model is 10 percent, and the effect of plugging locations also be considered through changing the plugging positions using the zone marking method. The results shows that the pressure drop under the structure integrated SG is 358.01MPa which is accordance with the results from Westinghouse 343KPa. The pressure drop values varies when changing positions of the plugging tubes under the same plugging fraction condition. The flow fields in bottom head also change meanwhile and the maximum pressure drop can reach up to 388.05KPa when the plugging fraction is 10%. The growth rate become significant when tube plugging fraction larger than 5%, and differences between maximum and minimum values of total pressure drop under different plugging positions become larger gradually. Finally the local resistance coefficients and flow field distributions of primary side in SG under various plugging conditions are obtained which is meaningful for the reactor safety and it can be a good reference for the maintenance of SG.
Hydraulic Characteristics Research on SG Under Tube Plugging Operations Using FLUENT
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Zhao, X, Wang, M, Tian, W, Su, GH, & Qiu, S. "Hydraulic Characteristics Research on SG Under Tube Plugging Operations Using FLUENT." Proceedings of the 2018 26th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering. Volume 9: Student Paper Competition. London, England. July 22–26, 2018. V009T16A042. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ICONE26-81641
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