In implementing the fire PRA for nuclear power plants, a highly predictive fire model is required for more realistic fire scenarios and fire risk assessment. The fire simulation zone model BRI2002 developed in Japan has been continuously improved to allow analysis considering the characteristics of a compartment fire.
In this study, a heat feedback phenomenon was introduced in BRI2002, in which combustion of a fire source can be accelerated by radiant heat transfer inside the compartment during a compartment fire. Not only the thermal radiation from the flame and smoke layers, but also radiation from the hot ceiling surface and the ceiling jet flame were considered when the flame impinges with the ceiling.
In addition, in the zone model, the existing model for predicting the oxygen concentration in a compartment was improved so that the oxygen concentration could be predicted considering the vertical location of a fire source (height from the floor).
The prediction results were verified by full-scale compartment fire test results. As a result of the calculation in which the fire source is installed at 2 m above the floor, the prediction results for the burning rate and zone temperature were well consistent with the test results.