A “slot-groove” hybrid casing treatment (CT) is proposed elicited from the recent research on the role of axial location for stall margin improvement (SMI). This combination is expected to display the advantages of both slots and grooves while minimizing their disadvantages. A comparative study is conducted among the “slot-groove”, traditional circumferential groove CT (called the “full-groove” CT) and axial skewed slot CT (known as the “full-slot” CT) to evaluate performance and to explore the stability enhancement and efficiency loss mechanisms of the “slot-groove” CT in a low-speed axial compressor. Results of the combination of laboratory tests and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) data demonstrate that the performance level of the hybrid CT lies in between those two traditional CTs. Simulation results indicate that the difference in the SMIs generated by CTs is closely related to their influences on the vortex trajectory of tip leakage. The stronger and tighter the vortex is, the more the vortex trajectory is inclined toward the blade suction side. Consequently, the interface between tip leakage flow and incoming main flow is pushed downstream and stability is enhanced. The flow loss induced by CTs is explored based on the entropy contours, and the high entropy in the “slot-groove” treated casing produces more efficiency decrease than the “full-groove” CT. Incorporating the “full-slot” CT not only increases entropy generation in the axial skewed slots but also induces considerable flow loss in the blade passage near the casing, thus reducing efficiency most significantly.

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