This paper describes measurements and analysis of global turbulent consumption speeds, ST,GC, of hydrogen/carbon monoxide (H2/CO) mixtures. The turbulent flame properties of such mixtures are of fundamental interest because of their strong stretch sensitivity and of practical interest since they are the primary constituents of syngas fuels. Data are analyzed at mean flow velocities and turbulence intensities of 4 < U0 < 50 m/s and 1 < /SL,0 < 100, respectively, for H2/CO blends ranging from 30–90% H2 by volume. Data from two sets of experiments are reported. In the first, fuel blends ranging from 30–90% H2 and mixture equivalence ratio, Φ, were adjusted at each fuel composition to have nominally the same un-stretched laminar flame speed, SL,0. In the second set, equivalence ratios were varied at constant H2 levels. The data clearly corroborate results from other studies that show significant sensitivity of ST,GC to fuel composition. For example, at a fixed , ST,GC of a 90% H2 case (at Φ = 0.48) is a factor of three times larger than the baseline Φ = 0.9, CH4/air mixture that has the same SL,0 value. We also describe physics-based correlations of these data, using leading points concepts and detailed kinetic calculations of their stretch sensitivities. These results are used to develop an inequality for negative Markstein length flames that bounds the turbulent flame speed data and show that the data can be collapsed using the maximum stretched laminar flame speed, SL,max, rather than SL,0.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Turbulent Consumption Speed Scaling of H2/CO Blends
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Venkateswaran, P, Marshall, AD, Noble, DR, Seitzman, JM, & Lieuwen, TC. "Turbulent Consumption Speed Scaling of H2/CO Blends." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. June 6–10, 2011. pp. 437-448. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2011-45401
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