Maximizing wind turbine energy capture has become an important issue as more turbines are installed in low wind areas. This paper investigates the application of extremum seeking control (ESC) to maximizing the energy capture of variable speed wind turbine. The optimal control torque and pitch angle are searched via ESC based on the measurement of output power. The advantage is the independency from accurate wind measurement. Simulation has been conducted on FAST for a wind turbine dynamic model, under uniformly steady wind, stair-case wind speed variations, and turbulence wind. The simulation results indicated that the captured power increased by up to 4% over the standard torque control. Anti-windup ESC was then applied to overcome the actuation saturation which may disable the ESC process. Finally, the ESC with high-pass filter input resetting was applied to speed up the transient under abrupt change of wind.
- Dynamic Systems and Control Division
Maximizing Wind Turbine Energy Capture via Extremum Seeking Control
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Creaby, J, Li, Y, & Seem, JE. "Maximizing Wind Turbine Energy Capture via Extremum Seeking Control." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference. ASME 2008 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, Parts A and B. Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA. October 20–22, 2008. pp. 1205-1212. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/DSCC2008-2265
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